General Dentistry & Hygiene Therapy

Pediatric (Child) Dentistry

Our first priority is to establish communication and trust with your child. We ask your help with setting the stage for this communication. Our dental team will use positive language when something may be uncomfortable or “pinch” and when it will not. We use positive words, such as: pinch, wiggle, whistle, and raincoat, to describe the dental environment.

We will use a technique known as TELL, SHOW, DO and positive reinforcement to educate your child while completing the necessary treatment. We will TELL your child what we are going to do, SHOW them what we are going to do, and then DO the procedure. We may also use voice modulation, distraction and nonverbal communication to establish communication with your child. We encourage a relaxed setting in the dental operatory and welcome parents be in the treatment rooms if the child feels more secure and is cooperative with parental supervision.

Conscious Sedation Dentistry for
Adults & Children

Conscious Sedation - sometimes called "Sedation Dentistry" - is administered by taking a pill orally an hour prior to surgery. During surgery, all body functions remain normal and the patient is able to breathe on their own. Patients often fall asleep and awake with some degree of amnesia. The disadvantages of this method of sedation is the level of sedation of each patient is not predictable and they must be driven to and from the office due to the medication's intensity.

Another form of conscious sedation we offer during most procedures is Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen inhalation ("laughing gas"). There are very few side effects associated with this form of sedation and the patient is able to return to their normal activities immediately after the appointment, depending on procedure performed. This is the form of sedation most commonly recommended for children with dental anxiety.

Composite Fillings

Fillings are recommended for treating teeth with dental decay, for teeth that are broken, cracked or damaged, or to simply replace an existing failing filling to prevent new decay from occurring. We use bonded fillings made of a composite resin that's similar in colour to a patient's tooth so that it blends more naturally than silver amalgam fillings.

Endodontic (Root Canals)

Root canal therapy is the most commonly performed procedure among all endodontic treatment procedures. Root canal therapy can help to preserve the tooth and also protect the jawbone when the inner pulp of the tooth becomes inflamed. The reasons why your pulp tissue may become irritated are deep decay, large fillings, trauma to the tooth, or even repeated dental work. The inflamed tissue surrounding the tooth can cause a toothache and infection and can damage the bones around the teeth. A Root Canal is performed to maintain good oral health as well as prevent future infections from developing.

STA Anesthetic System

The Wand® STA is a computer controlled anesthesia delivery system that provides immediate, pain free dental anesthesia for all injection types. This technology is revolutionizing dental anesthesia by taking away the pain, anxiety, and stress associated with conventional syringes.

  • The STA Single Tooth Anesthesia System unit is uniquely capable of numbing a Single Tooth, something never before possible using conventional techniques
  • The STA utilizes CompuFlo system which is a patented computer-controlled drug delivery system that incorporates DPS Dynamic Pressure Sensing technology for safer and painless delivery of anesthesia.
  • Whereas conventional syringes deliver anesthesia blindly,the computer-controlled STA system removes the guesswork by providing real-time visual and audible feedback.
  • The system results in the patient having no collateral numbness and no pain along with instant, predictable anesthesia (no more lip or tongue biting after the dental visit).
  • Allows for more efficient flow of anesthetic solution through tissues resulting in a more rapid onset and longer duration of anesthesia.
  • Minimizes adverse tissue reactions by minimizing tissue damage.

Periodontal Therapy and Maintenance Hygiene

At your dental hygiene appointment we will evaluate your particular risks and needs and make specific recommendations to your oral health care and dental cleanings for you. We'll begin with a comprehensive soft tissue examination (oral cancer screening) and then screen for signs of gum disease, (also known as periodontal disease). Then, we'll complete a detailed charting of cavities, existing restorations that often includes fillings, crowns and other pre-existing tooth conditions. Radiographs (x-rays) may be required at this time to for diagnostic purposes.

Your certified dental hygienist will then continue by removing soft (plaque) and hard (tartar, calculus or stains) deposits from your teeth to help prevent or delay the progression of periodontal disease. Your dental hygiene appointment will finish with a polish to remove stain and fluoride treatment as needed and desired. Dr. Sunderland will visit you during this appointment to evaluate your overall dental health and to review any areas of concerns with you.

How often a patient should visit their dentist depends entirely on the health of their teeth and gums and their individual risk for developing gum infection and cavities. We recommend that children and adults have their teeth cleaned at least once every 6-12 months. For patients who are concerned that they may be at risk because of age, tobacco use, rate of accumulation of deposits, personal oral hygiene practices, or medical conditions such as diabetes – a more aggressive oral health maintenance plan may be required.

Laser Dentistry

A laser is an instrument that produces a very narrow, intense beam of light energy. When laser light comes in contact with tissue, it causes a reaction. The light produced by the laser can remove or shape tissue. LASER stands for 'Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation' and Laser treatments offer patients many benefits including faster healing and tissue regeneration. Laser treatments can also reduce bleeding both during and after treatment as well as reduce the need for stitches and sutures.

Lasers are used in dentistry to:

  • reduce the discomfort of canker and cold sores.
  • expose partially erupted wisdom teeth.
  • remove muscle attachments that limit proper movement.
  • manage gum tissue during impressions for crowns or other procedures.
  • remove overgrown tissues caused by certain medications.
  • perform biopsy procedures.
  • remove inflamed gum tissues and aid in the treatment of gum disease.
  • remove or reshape gum and bone tissues during crown lengthening procedures.
  • help treat infections in root canals.
  • speed up tooth whitening procedures.

There are several advantages. Dentists may not need to use a drill or administer anesthesia in some procedures, allowing the patient to enjoy a more relaxed dental experience. Laser procedures can be more precise. Also, lasers can reduce symptoms and healing times associated with traditional therapies; reduce the amount of bacteria in both diseased gum tissue and in tooth cavities; and control bleeding during surgery.

Surgery Including Extraction of Wisdom Teeth

Third molars are commonly referred to as wisdom teeth. They are usually the last teeth to develop and are located in the back of your mouth, behind your second molars. Their development is usually completed between the middle teenage years and early twenties, a time traditionally associated with the onset of maturity and the attainment of wisdom.

In most cases there is not enough room in the jaw for a third set of molars, wisdom teeth often create dental issues for patients. If there is not enough room behind the second molars for the teeth to come through , they remain trapped below bone and tissue, or impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth and partially impacted wisdom teeth can become abscessed, infected and painful. Poorly located third molars can cause damage and decay in adjacent teeth. In some cases, cysts and bone destruction can occur which can cause issues for the patient and damage other teeth.

Some of the problems that can be caused by wisdom teeth are listed below:

  • Wisdom Tooth pain and swelling
  • Toothache
  • Headache
  • Jaw pain
  • Dental crowding
  • Infection and abscess